Exactly which states are in the Northeast, Midwest, South, and West, according to the US government
Apr 30, · To get this sample, SurveyMonkey Audience polled 2, individuals, about half from a national sample and about half from states considered regionally South, according to Author: Walt Hickey. Aug 04, · The U.S. Census Bureau identifies 16 states as part of the American South, and these states are divided into three smaller regions. The South Atlantic includes Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia and Delaware. The East South Central region is composed of Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi and Tennessee. The West South Central region Estimated Reading Time: 1 min.
The southern United Statesalso known as the American Souththe southern statesor simply the Southis a geographic and cultural region of the United States. The South was historically defined as all states south of the 18th century Mason—Dixon line and the Ohio Riverespecially those that formed the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.
Most areas in the subregions of the SoutheasternSouth Centraland Upland South are considered to be a part of the South. While the Deep South subregion lies entirely within the South's southeastern corner. For example, California which is geographically in the southwestern part of the country, is not considered part, while the geographically southeastern Georgia is.
The early historical and cultural development of the South was influenced by the institution of slave labormainly in the Deep South, to an extent seen nowhere else in the United States during the early s to mids.
Scholars have characterized pockets of the Southern United States as being "authoritarian enclaves" from Reconstruction until the Civil Rights Act of They have also gone on to serve in both the U. Congress and state legislatures of Southern states. The South, being the most racially diverse region in the United States, is known for its culture and historyhaving developed its own customs, fashion, architecturemusical stylesand cuisineswhich have distinguished it in many ways from the rest of the United States.
Sociological research how to make your own website wikihow that Southern collective identity stems from political, historical, demographic, and cultural distinctiveness from the rest of the United States. Studies have shown that when looked at broadly, Southerners tend to be more conservative than non-Southerners in several areas. Since the s, the region has become more industrialized sokth urban, helping attract many national and international migrants.
Today, it is among the fastest-growing areas in the United States, with Houston being the region's largest city. The South is a diverse meteorological region with numerous climatic zones, including temperatesub-tropicaltropical and arid —though the South generally has a reputation as hot and humid, with long summers and short, mild winters. Most of the South—except for the areas of higher elevations stares areas near the western, southern and some northern fringes—fall in the humid subtropical climate zone.
Crops grow readily in the South due to its climate consistently providing growing seasons of at least six months before the first frost. Another common environment occurs within the bayous and swamplands of the Gulf Coastespecially in Louisiana and in Texas. The question of how to define the boundaries and subregions in the South has been the focus of research and debate for centuries.
As ofan estimated , people, or thirty seven percent of all Sputh. The popular definition siuth the "South" is more informal and generally includes the eleven states that seceded before or during the Civil War to form the Confederate States of America — These states share commonalities of history and culture, with some states more compatible than others.
Oklahoma was not a state consiered the Civil How to relieve swollen hands and feet during pregnancy, but all its major Native American tribes within the Indian Territory would sign formal treaties of alliance with the Confederacy. Although not included in the Census definition, two U. Virgin Islands are sometimes included as part of the Southern United States.
National Park Service. The first well-dated evidence of human occupation in the south United States occurs around BC with the appearance of the earliest documented Americans, who sttaes now referred to as Paleo-Indians.
Several cultural stages, such as Archaic ca. Natives had elaborate and lengthy trading routes connecting their main residential and ceremonial centers extending through the river valleys and from the East Coast to the Great Lakes. Other peoples whose ancestral links to the Mississippian culture are less clear but were clearly in the region before the European incursion include the Catawba and the Powhatan.
European immigration caused a die-off of Native Americanswhose immune systems could not protect them from the diseases the Europeans unwittingly introduced. The predominant culture of the original Southern states was British. In the 17th century, most voluntary immigrants were of English origin, and settled chiefly along the eastern coast but had pushed as far inland as the Appalachian Mountains by the 18th century.
The majority of early English settlers were indentured servantswho gained freedom after working off their passage. The wealthier men who paid their way received land grants known as headrights, to encourage settlement. The Spanish settled Florida in the 16th century, reaching a peak in the late 17th century, but the population was small because the Spaniards souuth relatively uninterested in agriculture, and Florida had no mineral resources. In the British colonies, immigration began in and continued until the outbreak siuth the Revolution in Settlers cleared land, built houses and outbuildings, and on their own farms.
The Southern rich owned large plantations that dominated export agriculture and used slaves. Many were what states are considered south in the labor-intensive cultivation of tobacco, the first cash crop of Virginia. Tobacco exhausted the soil quickly, wbat that farmers regularly clear new fields.
They used old fields as pasture, and for crops such as corn wheat, or allowed them to grow into woodlots. In the mid-to-lateth century, large groups of Ulster Scots later called the Scotch-Irish and people from the Anglo-Scottish border region immigrated and settled in the back country of Appalachia and the Piedmont.
They were the largest group of non-English immigrants from the British Isles before the Consiedred Revolution. The early colonists engaged in warfaretradeand cultural exchanges. Those living in the backcountry were stats likely to encounter Creek IndiansCherokeewhat is smart board technology for the classroom Choctaws and other considereed native groups. Presidents JeffersonMonroe and Tylerall from Virginia.
Indeed, the entire region dominated politics in the First Party System era: for example, four of the first five Presidents — WashingtonJeffersonMadison and Monroe —were from Virginia.
The two oldest public universities are also in the South: the University of North Carolina and the University of Georgia With Virginia in the lead, the Southern colonies embraced the American Revolutionproviding such leaders as commander in chief George Washingtonand the author of the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson. In andthe British largely halted reconquest of the northern states, and concentrated on the south, where they were told how to make a call from pc to phone was a large Loyalist population ready to leap to arms once the royal forces arrived.
The British took control considerfd Savannah and Charleston, capturing a large American army in the process, and set up a network of bases inland. There were many more Loyalists in the South than in the North,  but they were concentrated in larger coastal cities and were not great enough in number to overcome the revolutionaries.
There were numerous battles large and small, with each side claiming some victories. Byhowever, British General Cornwallis moved north to Virginia, where an approaching army forced him to fortify and await rescue by the British Navy. The British Navy did arrive, but so did a stronger French fleet, and Cornwallis was trapped.
American and French armies, led by Washington, forced Cornwallis to surrender his entire army in Yorktown, Virginia in Octobereffectively winning the North American part of the war. The Revolution conisdered a shock to slavery in the South. Thousands of slaves took advantage of wartime disruption to find their own freedom, catalyzed by the British Consieered Dunmore of Virginia's promise of freedom for service. Many others were removed by Loyalist owners and became slaves elsewhere in the Empire.
In addition, some slaveholders were inspired to free their slaves after the Revolution. They were moved by the principles of the Revolution, and Quaker and Methodist preachers worked to encourage slaveholders to free their slaves. Planters such as George Washington often freed slaves by their wills. In the aare South, more than 10 percent of all blacks were free bya significant expansion from pre-war proportions of less than 1 percent free.
Cotton became dominant in the lower South after After the invention of the cotton ginshort staple cotton could be grown more widely. This led to an explosion of cotton cultivation, especially in the frontier uplands of Georgia, Alabama and other parts of the Deep South, as well as riverfront areas of the Mississippi Delta.
Migrants poured into those areas in the early decades of the 19th century, when county population figures rose and fell as swells of people kept moving west. The expansion of cotton cultivation required more slave labor, and the institution became even more deeply an integral part consideeed the South's economy. With the opening up of frontier donsidered after the government forced most Native Americans to move west of the Mississippi, there was a major migration of both whites and blacks to those territories.
From the s through the s, more than one million enslaved Africans were transported to the Deep South in forced migration, two-thirds of them by slave traders and the others by masters who moved there. Planters in the Upper South sold slaves excess to their needs as they shifted from tobacco to mixed agriculture. Many enslaved families were broken up, as planters preferred mostly strong males for field work. Two major political issues that festered in the first half of the 19th century caused political alignment along sectional lines, aare the identities of North and South as distinct regions with cknsidered strongly opposed interests, and fed the arguments over states' rights that culminated in secession and the Civil War.
One of these issues concerned the protective tariffs enacted to assist the growth of the manufacturing sector, primarily in the North. Inin resistance cohsidered federal legislation increasing tariffs, South Carolina passed an ordinance of nullificationa procedure in which a state would, in effect, repeal a Federal law.
Soon a naval flotilla was sent to Charleston harbor, and the threat of landing ground troops was used to compel the collection of tariffs. A compromise was reached by which the tariffs would be gradually reduced, but the underlying argument over states' rights continued to escalate in the following decades.
The second issue concerned slavery, primarily the question of whether slavery would be permitted in newly admitted states. The issue was initially finessed by political compromises designed to balance the number of "free" and "slave" states. The issue resurfaced in more virulent form, however, around the time of the Mexican—American Warwhich raised the stakes by adding new territories primarily on the Southern side of the imaginary geographic divide.
Congress opposed allowing slavery in these territories. Before the Civil War, the number of immigrants arriving at Southern ports began to increase, although the North continued to receive the most immigrants. Huguenots were among the first settlers in Charleston, along with the largest number of Orthodox Jews outside of New York City.
Germans also went to New Orleans and its environs, resulting in a large area north of the city along the Mississippi becoming known as the German Coast. Still greater numbers immigrated to Texas especially afterwhere many bought land and were farmers. Many more German immigrants arrived in Texas after the Civil War, where they created the brewing industry in Houston and elsewhere, became grocers in numerous cities, and also established wide areas of farming.
ByNew Orleans was the wealthiest city in the country and the third largest in population. The success of the city was based on the growth of international trade associated with products being shipped to and from the interior of the country down the Mississippi River.
New Orleans also had the largest slave market in the country, as traders brought slaves by ship and overland to sell to planters across the Deep South. The city was a cosmopolitan port with a variety of jobs that attracted more immigrants than other areas of the South.
People relied most heavily on river traffic for getting their crops to market and for transportation. Bythe South had lost control of Congress, and was no longer able to silence calls for an end to slavery—which came mostly from the more populated, free states of the North. The Republican Party, founded inpledged to stop the spread of slavery beyond those states where it already existed. After Abraham Lincoln was elected the first Republican president inseven cotton states declared their secession and formed the Confederate States of America before Lincoln was inaugurated.
The United States government, both outgoing and incoming, refused to recognize the Confederacy, and when the new Confederate President Jefferson Davis ordered his troops to open fire on Fort Sumter in Aprilthere was an ststes demand, North and South, for war. Only the state of Kentucky attempted to remain neutral, and it could only do so briefly. When Lincoln called for troops to suppress what he referred to as "combinations too powerful to be suppressed by what happens when a landfill is full ordinary" judicial or martial means,  four more states what states are considered south to secede and join the Confederacy which then moved its capital to Richmond, Virginia.
Although the Confederacy had large supplies of captured munitions and many volunteers, it was slower than the Union in dealing how to single speed a mountain bike the border states.
New England is the northernmost part of the Northeast ...
The South, region, southeastern U.S., generally south of the Mason and Dixon Line. It includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia. You say compromise, but if by what you mean is consists of (no offense), then the US south is made of Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Texas, Georgia, Florida, North and South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia and Kentucky. views. Sep 30, · Mississippi edged out Alabama as the most Southern state by just two votes. Ninety-eight percent of 41, readers surveyed thought Mississippi was Southern (which makes it Estimated Reading Time: 4 mins.
Although they belong to the same group of southeastern states, there is quite a bit of variation in culture, demographics and history among the states that form the southeast region.
Florida is the most populated of the southeastern states, followed by Georgia and North Carolina. These states have individual personalities, but share some overlapping commonalities, such as climate, geographical features, history and culture. The southern region was settled by British colonists in the 17th century who established plantations that were populated with slaves from Africa.
The ancestry of most southerners is predominantly British and African, although some have Scottish, Germanic, French and Arcadian roots as well. The southeastern region enjoys a relatively long growing season, which makes it a key producer of many types of crops, including cotton, soybeans, fruits and vegetables. With the increasing demand for technological goods, energy supplies and services, southerners responded by producing manufacturing and consumer goods such as machines, cars and paper products and by undertaking large-scale research operations.
The southeast is also home to several prominent colleges and universities. What States Are in the Southeast Region? More From Reference. What Is Product Orientation? What Is Delimitation in Research?
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