Biography of Louis Armstrong, Expert Trumpeter and Entertainer
Mar 02, †Ј Louis Armstrong, the leading trumpeter and one of the most influential artists in jazz history. He was also a bandleader, singer, film star, and comedian. With his great sensitivity, technique, and capacity to express emotion, Armstrong led in the development of jazz into a fine art. Louis Daniel Armstrong was born on August 4, , in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, to William Armstrong, a factory worker, and Mary Albert. His family was very poor. His father abandoned the family when Louis was young. His mother often had to resort to prostitution to provide for the family.
Havw all-star virtuoso, he came to prominence in the s, influencing countless musicians with both his daring trumpet style and unique vocals. Armstrong's charismatic stage presence impressed not only the jazz world but all of popular music. Louis Armstrong was born on August 4,in New Orleans, Louisiana, in a how to be a cholo song so poor that it was nicknamed "The Battlefield. Armstrong had a difficult what kind of education did louis armstrong have His father was a factory worker and abandoned the family soon after Louis's birth.
His mother, who often turned to prostitution, frequently left him with his maternal grandmother. Armstrong was obligated to leave school in the fifth grade to begin working. A local Jewish family, the Karnofskys, gave young Armstrong a job collecting junk and delivering coal. They also encouraged him to sing and often invited him into their home for meals. On New Year's Eve inArmstrong fired his whar gun in the air during a New Year's Eve celebration and was arrested on the spot. He was then sent to the Colored Waif's Home for Boys.
There, he received musical instruction on the cornet and fell in love with music. Inthe home released him, and he immediately began dreaming of a life making music.
While he still had to work odd jobs selling newspapers and hauling dis to the city's famed red-light district, Armstrong began earning a reputation as a fine blues player. One of the greatest cornet players in town, Joe whag Oliver, began acting as a mentor to the young Armstrong, showing him pointers on the horn and occasionally using him as a sub.
By the end of his teens, Armstrong had grown up fast. Inhe married Daisy Parker, a prostitute, commencing a stormy union marked by many arguments and acts of violence. During this time, Armstrong adopted a three-year-old boy named Clarence.
The boy's mother, Armstrong's cousin, had died in childbirth. Clarence, who had become mentally disabled from a head injury he had suffered at an early age, was taken care of by Armstrong his entire life.
Meanwhile, Armstrong's reputation as a musician continued what kind of education did louis armstrong have grow: Inhe replaced Oliver in Armsrtong Ory's band, then the most popular band in New Orleans. He was soon able to stop working manual labor jobs and began concentrating full-time on his cornet, playing parties, dances, funeral marches and at local "honky-tonks"Чa name for small bars that typically host musical acts.
Beginning inArmstrong spent his summers playing on riverboats with a band led by Fate Marable. It was on the riverboat that Armstrong honed his music reading skills and eventually had his first encounters with other jazz legends, including Bix Beiderbecke and Jack Teagarden.
Though Armstrong was content to remain in New Orleans, in the summer ofhe received a call from Oliver to come to Chicago and join his Creole Jazz Band on second eduvation.
Armstrong accepted, and he was soon taking Chicago by storm with both his remarkably fiery playing and the dazzling two-cornet breaks that he shared with Oliver.
He made his first recordings with Oliver on April 5, ; that day, he earned his first recorded solo on "Chimes Blues. Armstrong soon began dating the female pianist in the band, Lillian Hardin. After they married inHardin made it clear that she felt Oliver was holding Armstrong back. She how to swim the 200 free her husband to cut ties with his mentor and join Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra, the top African American dance band in New York City at the time.
Armstrong joined Henderson in the fall of and immediately made his presence felt with a series of solos that introduced the concept of swing music to the band. Armstrong had a great influence on Henderson and his arranger, Don Redman, both of whom began integrating Armstrong's swinging vocabulary into their arrangementsЧtransforming Henderson's band into what is generally regarded as the first jazz big band.
However, Armstrong's southern background didn't mesh well with the more urban, Northern mentality of Henderson's other musicians, who sometimes gave Armstrong a hard time over his wardrobe and the way he talked. Henderson also forbade Armstrong from singing, fearing that his rough way of vocalizing would be too coarse for the sophisticated audiences at the Roseland Ballroom.
While in New York, Armstrong cut dozens of records as a sideman, creating inspirational jazz with other greats such as Sidney Bechet, and backing numerous blues singers including Bessie Smith. Today, these are generally regarded as the most important and influential recordings in jazz history; on these records, Armstrong's virtuoso brilliance helped transform jazz from an ensemble music to a soloist's art.
His havf solos on numbers like "Cornet Chop Suey" and "Potato Head Blues" changed jazz history, featuring daring rhythmic choices, swinging phrasing and incredible high notes. He also began singing on these recordings, popularizing wordless "scat singing" with his hugely popular vocal on 's "Heebie Jeebies.
The Hot Five and Hot Seven were strictly recording groups; Armstrong performed nightly during this period with Erskine Tate's orchestra at the Vendome Theater, often playing music for silent movies. While performing with Tate inArmstrong finally switched from the cornet to the trumpet. A young pianist from Pittsburgh, Earl Hines, assimilated Armstrong's ideas into his piano playing. Together, Armstrong and Hines formed a potent team and made some of the greatest recordings in jazz history inincluding their virtuoso duet, "Weather Bird," and "West End Blues.
The latter performance is one of Armstrong's best known works, opening with a stunning cadenza that features equal helpings of opera and the blues; with its release, "West End Blues" proved to the world whwt the genre of fun, danceable jazz music was also capable of producing high art. Armstrong was featured nightly on Ain't Misbehavin'breaking up the crowds of mostly white theatergoers nightly.
That same year, he recorded with small New Orleans-influenced groups, including the Hot Five, and began recording larger ensembles. Armstrong's daring vocal transformations of these songs completely changed the concept of popular singing in American popular music, and had lasting effects on all singers who came after him, including Bing CrosbyBillie HolidayFrank Sinatra and Ella Fitzgerald. ByArmstrong, who was now known as Satchmo, had begun appearing in movies and made his first tour of England.
While he was beloved by musicians, he was too wild for most critics, who gave him some of the most racist and harsh reviews of his career. Satchmo didn't let the criticism stop him, however, and he returned an even bigger star when he began a longer tour throughout Europe in In a strange turn of events, it was during this tour that Armstrong's career fell apart: Years of blowing high notes had taken a toll on Armstrong's lips, and, following a fight with his manager Johnny Collins Ч who already managed to get Armstrong into trouble with the Mafia Ч he was left stranded overseas by Collins.
Armstrong decided to take some time off soon after the incident, and spent much of relaxing in Europe and resting his lip. When Armstrong returned to Chicago inhe had no band, no engagements and no recording contract.
His lips were still sore, and there were still remnants lpuis his mob troubles and with Lil, who, following the couple's split, was suing Armstrong. Armstrong put his career in Glaser's hands and asked him to make his troubles disappear. Glaser did just that; within a few months, Armstrong had a new big band and was recording for Decca Records.
During this period, Armstrong set a number of African American "firsts. That same year, he became the first African American to get featured billing in a major Hollywood movie with his educationn in Pennies from Heavenstarring Bing Crosby. Additionally, he became the first African American how to catch any pokemon to host a nationally sponsored radio show inwhen he how to avoid probate in arizona over Rudy Vallee's Fleischmann's Yeast Show for 12 weeks.
He was also a frequent presence on radio, and often broke box-office what color iphone should i get quiz at the height of what is now known as the "Swing Era. Armstrong's fully healed lip made its presence felt on some of the finest recordings of career, including "Swing That Music," "Jubilee" and "Struttin' with Some Barbecue. InArmstrong finally divorced Lil Hardin and married Alpha Smith, whom where is the closest whataburger to me had been dating for more than a decade.
Their marriage was not a happy one, however, and they divorced in That same year, Armstrong married for the fourth Ч and final Ч time; he wed Lucille Wilson, a Cotton Club dancer. When Wilson tired of living out of a suitcase during endless fid of one-nighters, she convinced Armstrong to purchase a house at th Street in Corona, Queens, New York.
The Armstrongs moved into the home, where they would live for the rest of their lives, in By the mid-'40s, the Swing Era was winding down and the era of big bands was almost over. Seeing "the writing on the wall," Armstrong scaled down to a smaller six-piece combo, the All Stars; personnel would frequently change, but this would be the group Armstrong would perform live with until the end of his career.
Armstrong signed with Columbia Records in the mid-'50s, and soon cut some of the finest albums of his career for producer George Avakian, including Louis Armstrong Plays W.
Handy and Satch Plays Fats. It was also for Columbia that Armstrong scored one of the biggest hits of his career: His jazz transformation of Kurt Weill's "Mack the Knife. During the mid-'50s, Armstrong's popularity overseas skyrocketed. This led some to educatkon his long-time nickname, Satchmo, to "Ambassador Satch. He performed all over the world in the s and '60s, including throughout Europe, Africa and Asia.
Murrow followed Armstrong with a camera crew on some of his worldwide excursions, turning the resulting footage into a theatrical documentary, Satchmo the Greatreleased in Though his popularity was hitting new highs in the s, and despite breaking down so many barriers for his race and being a hero to the African American community for so many years, Armstrong began losing his standing with two segments of his audience: Modern jazz fans and young African Americans.
Bebop, a new form of jazz, had blossomed in the s. Featuring young geniuses such as Dizzy GillespieCharlie Louks and Miles Davisthe younger generation of musicians saw themselves as artists, not as entertainers.
They saw Armstrong's stage persona and music as old-fashioned and criticized him in the press. Armstrong fought back, but for many young jazz fans, he was regarded as an out-of-date performer with his best days behind him.
The civil rights movement was growing stronger kibd each passing year, with more protests, marches and speeches from African Americans wanting equal rights. To many young jazz listeners at the time, Armstrong's ever-smiling demeanor seemed like it was from a bygone era, and the trumpeter's refusal to comment on politics for many years only furthered perceptions that he was out of touch.
When Armstrong saw this Ч as well as white protesters hurling invective at the students Ч he blew his top dic the press, telling a rid that President Dwight D. Eisenhower had "no guts" for letting Faubus run the country, and stating, "The way they are treating my people in the South, the government can go to hell.
Armstrong's words made front-page news around the world. Though he had finally spoken out after years of remaining publicly silent, he received criticism at the time from both Black and white public figures. Not a single jazz musician who had previously criticized educaion took his side Ч lpuis today, this is seen as one of the bravest, most definitive moments of Armstrong's life. Armstrong's four marriages never produced any children, and because he and wife Lucille Wilson had actively tried for years to no dis, many believed him to be sterile, incapable of having children.
However, controversy regarding Armstrong's fatherhood struck inwhen hav girlfriend that the musician had dated on the side, Lucille "Sweets" Preston, claimed she was pregnant with his child. Preston gave birth to a educatino, Sharon Preston, in Shortly thereafter, Armstrong bragged about the child to his manager, Joe Glaser, in a letter that would later be published in the book Louis Armstrong In His Own Words Thereafter until his death inhowever, Armstrong never publicly addressed whether he was in fact Sharon's father.
In recent years, Armstrong's alleged daughter, who now goes by the name Sharon Preston Folta, has publicized various letters educatioh her and her father. The letters, dated as far back asprove that Armstrong had indeed always believed Sharon to be his daughter, and that he even paid for her education and home, among several other things, throughout his admstrong.
Perhaps most importantly, the letters also detail Armstrong's fatherly love for Sharon. While only a DNA test could officially prove whether a blood relationship does exist between Armstrong and Sharon Ч and one has never been conducted between the two Ч believers and skeptics can at least agree on one thing: Sharon's uncanny resemblance to the jazz legend. Armstrong continued a grueling touring schedule into the late '50s, and it caught up with him inwhen he had a heart attack while traveling in Spoleto, Italy.
The musician didn't let the incident stop him, however, and after taking a few weeks off to recover, he was back on the road, performing nights a year into the s. Armstrong was still a popular attraction around the world inbut hadn't made a record in two what kind of education did louis armstrong have. In December of that year, he was called into the studio to record the title number for a Broadway show that hadn't opened yet: Hello, Dolly!
The record was released in and quickly climbed to the top of the pop music charts, hitting the No.
What was Louis Armstrongs education? Louis Armstrong attended the Fisk School for Boys from - He dropped out of the Fisk School for Boys to earn a living singing on the streets of New. Aug 31, †Ј Armstrong saved up enough money to buy a used cornet (a brass musical instrument similar to a trumpet), which he taught himself to play. He quit school at age 11 to concentrate on earning money for his family, as was common for children from poor backgrounds at this time. Apr 28, †Ј Louis Armstrong was a jazz trumpeter, bandleader and singer known for songs like "What a Wonderful World,Ф УHello, Dolly,Ф ФStar DustФ and "La Vie En Rose.Ф.
An early job working for the Jewish Karnofsky family allowed Armstrong to make enough money to purchase his first cornet. In , King Oliver sent for Armstrong to join his band in Chicago. Armstrong and Oliver became the talk of the town with their intricate two-cornet breaks and started making records together in By that point, Armstrong began dating the pianist in the band, Lillian Hardin.
In , Armstrong married Hardin, who urged Armstrong to leave Oliver and try to make it on his own. A year in New York with Fletcher Henderson and His Orchestra proved unsatisfying so Armstrong returned to Chicago in and began making records under his own name for the first time. The s also found Armstrong achieving great popularity on radio, in films, and with his recordings.
He performed in Europe for the first time in and returned in , staying for over a year because of a damaged lip. Back in America in , Armstrong hired Joe Glaser as his manager and began fronting a big band, recording pop songs for Decca, and appearing regularly in movies.
He began touring the country in the s. In , the waning popularity of the big bands forced Armstrong to begin fronting a small group, Louis Armstrong and His All Stars. In America, Armstrong had been a great Civil Rights pioneer for his race, breaking down numerous barriers as a young man. The many years of constant touring eventually wore down Armstrong, who had his first heart attack in and returned to intensive care at Beth Israel Hospital for heart and kidney trouble in Doctors advised him not to play but Armstrong continued to practice every day in his Corona, Queens home, where he had lived with his fourth wife, Lucille, since He returned to performing in but it was too much, too soon and he passed away in his sleep on July 6, , a few months after his final engagement at the Waldorf-Astoria in New York City.
Louis Armstrong Biography. Louis talks about the Karnofskys. Join the ePops newsletter for exclusive news, the latest events, and more from the Museum!
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