Apr 10, · Examples include: Caffeine: Some suggest that caffeine can help to treat asthma, because it is closely related to an older drug. A Eucalyptus oil: Some researchers Trusted Source have suggested that that inhaling eucalyptus oil may help to ease Author: Amanda Barrell. Nov 01, · Home remedies for asthma attacks Avoid your triggers.. If you know what your triggers are, try to stay away from them so you can avoid asthma attacks Follow your action plan.. These individualized plans will guide you through the best next steps during an asthma attack. Take your rescue.
If severe, asthma attacks can be deadly. Here's attxck to manage those scary symptoms. An asthma attack is a sudden worsening of asthma symptoms caused by a tightening of the muscles around your airways. Individual attacks may bring slightly different symptoms or severity of symptoms, but they all have one thing in common: a rapid change from your normal symptoms which, with good management, may be zero.
Symptoms of an asthma attack can include difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughingmucus production, shortness of breathchest tightness or pressure, and even trouble talking or hypoxia audden your lips or fingernails turn blue due to lack of oxygen. Triggers of an asthma attack vary from person to person, but the two main causes are allergies or infections, says Dr. Rathkopf, also a clinical professor of pediatrics at the University of Washington School of Medicine.
For people with allergic asthmacommon triggers atshma pollen especially during certain seasonsmold, dust mites, cockroaches, and pet dander, especially from cats. Upper respiratory infections like a cold, the flu, or sinusitis are also common causes of an asthma attack. Other possible triggers include cigarette smoke, perfumes and fragrances, stress and strong emotions, cold air, exercise, acid refluxand even bad weather.
Certain fo events, such as high winds, can aggravate asthma. Those airborne elements—pollen, dirt—easily get sydden your airways and precipitate an attack. While some asthma attacks are mild, lasting just a few minutes, others are severe and may need immediate medical treatment.
Many milder attacks can be handled at home. Avoid your triggers. If you know what your triggers are, try to stay sidden from them so you can avoid asthma attacks altogether. Follow your action plan. These individualized plans will guide you through the best next steps during an asthma attack. Take your rescue inhaler. These are usually quick-acting bronchodilators, meaning they open up the airways to help you breathe more easily.
Rathkopf adds. Stay calm. It may be easier said than done, how to remove info from whitepages it often helps to relax your upper body and slow down your breathing during wjat asthma attack.
Get medical help. Some signs that you need emergency medical treatment are not being able to speak because of shortness of breath ; not feeling better after using your rescue inhaler; and straining your chest muscles just to breathe. To get our sduden stories delivered to your inbox, sign up for the Healthy Living newsletter. By Amanda Gardner Updated October 31, Save Pin FB ellipsis More.
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Jan 13, · In general, it is important to stay calm and use the medications your allergist has prescribed. An up-to-date asthma action plan filled out by your doctor should always be available to help guide treatment when symptoms occur. Quick-relief medications – often administered via an inhaler – are used to treat asthma attacks as needed. Jan 28, · These include: short-acting beta agonists through an inhaler or nebulizer oral or IV corticosteroids to reduce lung inflammation a bronchodilator intubation and mechanical ventilation to pump oxygen into your lungsAuthor: Adrienne Santos-Longhurst. Nov 05, · Before you return to your daily routine, give yourself time to regenerate. An asthma attack puts a heavy burden on the body, so try to get back into good shape. Please, don’t ignore that part as you may lead to a situation where your symptoms get worse.
For adults and children over 5 years old, lung pulmonary function tests are used to check how well the lungs are working. Poor lung function is a sign that your asthma isn't well controlled. In some cases, lung function tests are also used in asthma emergencies to help your doctor understand the severity of an asthma attack or how well treatment is working. Peak flow. Your doctor may take a peak flow reading when you come in for a scheduled visit or for emergency treatment during an asthma attack.
This test measures how quickly you can breathe out. You may also use a peak flow meter at home to monitor your lung function. The results of this test are known as peak expiratory flow PEF. A peak flow test is done by blowing into a mouthpiece as hard and as fast as you can with a single breath expiration. During spirometry, you take deep breaths and forcefully exhale into a hose connected to a machine called a spirometer.
A common spirometry measurement is forced expiratory volume, which measures how much air you can breathe out in one second. The results of this test are known as forced expiratory volume FEV. Spirometry can also measure how much air your lungs can hold and the rate at which you can inhale and exhale. Nitric oxide measurement. This exam measures the amount of nitric oxide gas you have in your breath when you exhale. High nitric oxide readings indicate inflammation of the bronchial tubes.
If you and your doctor have worked out an asthma plan, follow its directions at the first sign of an asthma attack. Small children and those who have trouble with inhalers can use a nebulizer. After 20 minutes, you can repeat the treatment one time if necessary. If you continue to wheeze or feel breathless after treatment, visit your doctor or urgent care that day. If you're having symptoms of a severe asthma attack, such as difficulty speaking because you're so short of breath, use your quick-acting rescue medication and get to a doctor's office or urgent care immediately.
Your doctor may recommend that you continue to use quick-acting medication every three to four hours for a day or two after the attack. You might also need to take oral corticosteroid medication for a short time. If you go to the emergency room for an asthma attack in progress, you'll need medications to get your asthma under immediate control.
These can include:. After your asthma symptoms improve, your doctor may want you to stay in the emergency room for a few hours or longer to make sure you don't have another asthma attack. When your doctor feels your asthma is sufficiently under control, you'll be able to go home.
Your doctor will give you instructions on what to do if you have another attack. If your asthma symptoms don't improve after emergency treatment, your doctor may admit you to the hospital and give you medications every hour or every few hours. If you're having severe asthma symptoms, you may need to breathe oxygen through a mask.
In some cases, a severe, persistent asthma attack requires a stay in the intensive care unit ICU. Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this condition.
All asthma attacks require treatment with a quick-acting rescue inhaler such as albuterol. One of the key steps in preventing an asthma attack is to avoid your triggers. Be prepared for your visit to your doctor so that you can get the most out of your appointment. At each visit:. Your time with your doctor is limited, so preparing a list of questions will help you make the most of your time together.
Some good questions to ask your doctor include:. In addition to the questions that you've prepared to ask your doctor, don't hesitate to ask questions during your appointment. Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions.
Being ready to answer them may reserve time to go over any points you want to spend more time on. Your doctor may ask:. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your appointment now for safe in-person care. This content does not have an English version.
This content does not have an Arabic version. Diagnosis For adults and children over 5 years old, lung pulmonary function tests are used to check how well the lungs are working. More Information Nitric oxide test for asthma Peak flow meter Spirometry.
More Information Albuterol side effects. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Ferri FF. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor Philadelphia, Pa. Accessed July 9, Merck Manual Professional Version. Expert panel report 3 EPR-3 : Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma.
Bethesda, Md. Fanta CH. Treatment of acute exacerbations of asthma in adults. Global strategy for asthma management and prevention update. Global Initiative for Asthma. Asthma - adult. Rochester, Minn. Dweik RA, et al. Exhaled nitric oxide analysis and applications. Associated Procedures Nitric oxide test for asthma Peak flow meter Spirometry.
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